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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

(Academ Arena)

 学术争鸣

ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online), doi prefix: 10.7537, Monthly

Volume 8 - Number 2 (Cumulated No. 80), February 25, 2016

Cover Page (pdf), Cover (jpg), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

A beginner’s guide: UNDERSTANDING C, C + + & Java FOR DUMMIES

 

Manjunath R

 

Independent Researcher #16/1, 8Th Main Road, Shivanagar, Rajajinagar, Bangalore: 560010, Karnataka, India

manjunath5496@gmail.com, manjunathr1988@yahoo.in

 

Abstract: This article is designed for all C, C++ & Java beginners and is also for those who want to interact with the hardware in a more powerful way and this book excepts no formal education in programming and it is written in an easy, reveting and readable style ideally suited for self-study. Of course those who have already familiar with programming are likely to derive more benefits from this article. It does assume, however, a reader able to create at least a simple program. This article introduces you to the fundamental concepts of computer programming using C, C++ & Java languages. If you are just learning C, C++ & Java programs, this article will make an excellent companion to any C, C++ & Java tutorial and serve as a source of knowledge to your specific questions. And, by reading this article, you’ll have a broad, basic knowledge of C, C++ & Java languages. This article is for all programmers, whether you are a novice or an experienced pro. The beginner will find its carefully paced discussions and many examples especially helpful.

[Manjunath R. A beginner’s guide: UNDERSTANDING C, C + + & Java FOR DUMMIES. Academ Arena 2016;8(2):1-132]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.01

 

Keywords: High level language; Code; C; C++; Java

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1

2

Aquatic Animal Diversity of Manawar Tawi River, Jammu and Kashmir, India

 

Adhfur Sherwani and Dr. Malik Mukhtar

 

1.  Research Scholar, Department of Environment Science

2.  Professor, Department of Entomology SKUAST-K

showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Animal diversity is an important biotic component of any aquatic ecosystem. Huge biodiversity is found in Manawar water system. The Manawar Tawi is one of the most important rivers of Jammu region. It is one of the major tributaries of the Chenab River. In this study zooplankton and macro zoo benthos diversity was estimated. It was revealed on the basis of the present study on animal diversity that the members of the Ephemeroptera thrive well in the River Manawar Tawi, besides various other species. Besides others twenty two species of fishes belonging to five families have been recorded from the River Manawar Tawi. Therefore, these can be used as the most appropriate and efficient bio-indicators for assessing the health of the important aquatic ecosystem.

[Adhfur Sherwani and Malik Mukhtar. Aquatic Animal Diversity of Manawar Tawi River, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Academ Arena 2016;8(2):133-140]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.02

 

Keywords: Aquatic, Animal, Diversity, Tawi, River

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2

3

Psychological competence of the physician and art

(ПСИХОЛОГИЧЕСКАЯ КОМПЕТЕНТНОСТЬ И ИСКУССТВО ВРАЧА)

 

Gulchehra Izbullayevam, Erkin Mukhtorov Mustafaevich

 

Doctor, Ph.D., Associate Professor Uzbekistan. Bukhara city, Bukhara State University

izbullayeva@mail.ru

 

Мухтаров Эркин Мустафаевич Врач, кандидат психологических наук, доцент кафедры психологии Бухарского государственного университета

 

Abstract: Annotation: The is an analysis of psychological competence and art of a doctor, the concept of levels of competence, including an explanation of the psychological structure of each of them.

Аннотация: В статье дан анализ психологической компетентности и искусству врача. Представлена концепция уровней компетентности, включающая объяснение психологических особенностей каждого из них. Ключевые слова: профессиональная деятельность врача, психологическая структура медицинской деятельности, компетентность врача, искусство врача.

[Gulchehra Izbullayevam, Erkin Mukhtorov Mustafaevich. Psychological competence of the physician and art. Academ Arena 2016;8(2):141-144]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.03

 

Keywords: professional activities of physicians, psychological structure of medical practice, physician competence, skill of the doctor

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3

4

凭什么相信引力波检测的结果?

 

Jcxxxx, Szostek Karol

 

jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: 当年爱丁顿的观测据说完美证实了爱因斯坦的广义相对论,但科学史家事后的分析表明并非如此。一个问题立即浮出:媒介和大众凭什么相信科学家的新闻发布?为什么更相信这次而不是那一次?圈外人士有办法理性地判别事实吗?坦率地说,不容易或者几乎不可能。那么圈内人士能吗?科学知识社会学(SSK)学者柯林斯(Harry Collins)为此研究了引力波检测科学共同体十余年(在NFS的长期资助下),出版过近900页的引力波探测社会史著作Gravity's Ghost。结论是什么,到底有没有引力波?这事别问SSK学者和科学哲学家,而应当问科学家。说到底涉及科学信念问题,信则有不信则无!20162月中国春节期间,科学家和媒体这一回的宣布又如何呢?其实与以前没有本质不同

[Jcxxxx, Szostek Karol. 凭什么相信引力波检测的结果? Academ Arena 2016;8(2):145-146]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.04

 

Keywords: 爱因斯坦; 相对论; 科学; 引力波

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4

5

Studies on Bacteria in Drainage Systems in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja

 

Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike

 

Department of Biology, Federal Capital Territory College of Education, P.M.B. 61, Abuja, Nigeria

Email: deleijigbade@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Forty drainage water samples were collected from four areas in Gwagwalada area council, Abuja, Nigeria and screened for the presence of bacteria using Spread Plate Methods. The bacteria were identified on the basis of their morphology, cultural characteristics, biochemical test and Gram staining. A total of 7 isolates belonging to three genera were recovered. Maximum number (13/40, 32.50 %) of bacteria was recovered from Kuntunku, followed by Dagiri (9/40, 22.50 %), Agwandodo (9/40, 22.50 %) and the least number of bacteria was isolated from Phase I (7/40, 17.50 %). Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus were equal in their prevalence and represented 25%, each while Strepcococcus pyogenes and Salmonella typhi were also the same and the least represented 12.50% each. The rate of isolation of the bacteria were tested at p = 0.05 level of significant. As a result of the pathogenic bacteria isolated from the drainage water samples in the Gwagwalada metropolis it is therefore recommended that the runoff from the drainage system should not be allowed to contaminate drinking water, because the isolated bacteria can cause several diseases of man.

[Oyedeji, Funmilayo Nike. Studies on Bacteria in Drainage Systems in Gwagwalada Area Council, Abuja. Academ Arena 2016;8(2):147-150]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.05

 

Keywords: Bacteria, Drainage, Water

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5

6

New prime -tuple theorems(1)

 and

 

Chun-Xuan, Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jinag funciton we prove that there exist infinitely many primes  and  such that each of  is prime and there exist infinitely many primes  and  such that each of  is prime.

[Chun-Xuan, Jiang. New prime -tuple theorems(1)and . Academ Arena 2016;8(2):151-152]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.06

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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6

7

New prime k-tuple theorem2

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that for every positive integer k there exist infinitely many primes  such that each of  is prime.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. New prime k-tuple theorem2. Academ Arena 2016;8(2):153-154]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.07

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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7

8

New prime K-tuple theorem (3)

 

Chun-Xuan, Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that for every positive integer  there exist infinitely many primes  such that each of  is prime.

[Chun-Xuan, Jiang. New prime K-tuple theorem (3). Academ Arena 2016;8(2):155-155]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.08

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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8

9

New prime K-tuple theorem (4)

 

Chun-Xuan, Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that for every positive integer  there exist infinitely many primes  such that each of  is prime.

[Chun-Xuan, Jiang. New prime K-tuple theorem (4). Academ Arena 2016;8(2):156-156]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.09

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

Full Text

9

10

New prime K-tuple theorem (5)

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that for every positive integer  there exist infinitely many primes  and such that each of  is prime.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. New prime K-tuple theorem (5). Academ Arena 2016;8(2):157-158]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.10

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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10

11

New prime K-tuple theorem (6)

 

Chun-Xuan Jiang (蒋春暄)

 

Institute for Basic Research, Palm Harbor, FL34682-1577, USA

And: P. O. Box 3924, Beijing 100854, China (蒋春暄,北京3924信箱,100854)

jiangchunxuan@sohu.com, cxjiang@mail.bcf.net.cn, jcxuan@sina.com, Jiangchunxuan@vip.sohu.com, jcxxxx@163.com

 

Abstract: Using Jiang function we prove that for every positive integer  there exist infinitely many primes  such that each of  is prime.

[Chun-Xuan Jiang. New prime K-tuple theorem (6). Academ Arena 2016;8(2):159-159]. ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 11.

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.11

 

Keywords: new; prime; function; number

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11

The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from January 25, 2016. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

For back issues of the Academia Arena, click here.

Emails: editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com

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doi:

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doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.02

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.03

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.04

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.05

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.06

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.07

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.08

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.09

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.10

doi:10.7537/marsaaj080216.11

 

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