[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

 

Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

(Academ Arena)

ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online), doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-922X, Monthly

Volume 7 - Number 7 (Cumulated No. 73),  July 25, 2015

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

 

You can use the message in end of the article abstract to cite it.

For Microsoft Document (doc file): After you open the "Full Text" for each article, change the last 3 characters of the web address from .pdf to .doc (or docx)

Welcome to send your manuscript(s) to: editor@sciencepub.net.

CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (22 - 26)

 

金识

 

Recommended: 王德奎 y-tx@163.com; 张洞生 zhangds12@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: 科学创新、进化因素,存在普遍性、世界性,也存在有本土性和地域性,涉及科学作为一种智力,特别是数、理、化、生等学科的公式、定理、定律,它的客观性类似早已存在,不以人存,不以天亡,只是等人早晚的条件和来发现。对于不是自己的发现,它类似传说。但他人的发现,也是可以再重复计算、推导、证明、试验检查的。发现成为非物质文化科学遗产传说,一方面它有普遍性、世界性;或者它从本土性和地域性也可以转变成普遍性、世界性。但有些非物质文化科学遗产的传说,它的可证性、表演性很小。本篇是此文的第22至第26部分。

[金识. 本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (22-26). Academ Arena 2015;7(7):1-14]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.01

 

Keywords: 科学; 创新; 进化; 存在; 普遍性; 世界性; 文化; 遗产

Full Text

1

2

评郭光灿量子力学二次革命 ---- -丘空间精准量子力学二次革命

 

赵鱼广, 葛代序

 

Recommendates: Zhang Dongsheng, zds@outlook.com; 王德奎, y-tx@163.com

 

摘要:原子轨道核外电子回旋的韦尔张量效应的量子信息隐形传输,与核内量子起伏质子卡西米尔效应产生负能量的超光速发射,两者本末出候天衣无缝的结合,成为量子力学二次革命的先声。这种量子编码解释了自然的很多秘密。在物质、能量和信息的世界里,人们都认为物质、能量比信息更基本、更重量。错了,信息比物质、能量更基本、更重量;当然这个基本和重量,是必须进行“编码”来说的物质、能量、信息与暗物质、暗能量、暗信息,在对偶、有限、无限和有界中作的转换,即“编码”是一切物质、能量、信息与暗物质、暗能量、暗信息的前提。

[赵鱼广, 葛代序. 评郭光灿量子力学二次革命-----丘空间精准量子力学二次革命. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):15-28]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.02

 

关键词:里奇张量, 卡西米尔效应, 量子编码, -丘空间

Full Text

2

3

Singularity of the Universe

 

Dr. Qiao Yu Qiu

 

University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia

 

Abstract: Cosmologists have developed many theories to explore the ultimate origin of the universe. There are three main branches including scientific cosmology, philosophical cosmology, and theology. Although all the existed theories get to the point very closely, every theory has its own shortage. Scientific cosmologies fail to explain singularity due to all the known laws of physics break down in it. Philosophical cosmologies stuck in the cause of the universe could not be the universe itself. Theologies meet with the same dilemma. God being the whole universe or a part of it if He/She exists in it cannot be the cause of it. Taking into account the advantages and weaknesses of all the existed theories, I neglect all the known laws of physics and make use of pure mathematical functions. The calculation result reveals there is a singularity. Interestingly, the singularity is negative universe that could be the answer to the first cause of the universe.

[Qiao Yu Qiu. Singularity of the Universe. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):29-33]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.03

 

Key words: singularity, scientific cosmology, philosophical cosmology, theology, ultimate origin, negative universe

Full Text

3

4

Levels of Heavy Metal Concentration in the Tissue of Crassostrea gigas Obtained from Imo River, South Eastern Nigeria.

 

George, Ubong1, Ekpo, Antai2, Edet, Mercy2

 

1Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Institute of Oceanography University of Calabar, Calabar.

2Department of Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanography University of Calabar, Calabar.

talk2georgeubong@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The levels of some heavy metals and total hydrocarbon (THC) in the tissues of Oysters from Imo River, Ikot Abasi in Akwa Ibom State were investigated. Samples of Oysters were collected for a period of three months in the intertidal region of the River and were analyzed using Atomic Absorption spectrophotometry for the determination of heavy metals and soxhlet extraction gravimetric method was used in the determination of total hydrocarbon. The mean level of heavy metals varied in all the three month. Also, same variation was observed for total hydrocarbon. The levels of heavy metals and total hydrocarbon during the study period across the month showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). This was attributed to the fact that they were less industrial activities in one month than the other resulting in the variation. These studies demonstrate that the evidence of bioaccumulation of heavy metals and total hydrocarbons were below the recommended tolerable limits when compared to that of world standards for Aquatic Organism. The result of the studies implies that Oysters caught from Imo River are safer as a food source for human consumption. However, constant monitoring of water bodies receiving effluents is emphasized in order to forestall cumulative effects of pollutants which may lead to sub-lethal consequence in future if not checked.

[George, U., Ekpo, A., Edet, M. Levels of Heavy Metal Concentration in the Tissue of Crassostrea gigas Obtained from Imo River, South Eastern Nigeria. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):34-37]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.04

 

Key words: Heavy Metal, Concentration, tissue, Crassostrea gigas, Imo River, Nigeria.

Full Text

4

5

Missing Heart?...(“Ramanujam  Heart”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: In the history of Sri Lanka, the Ancient land was called as “CEYLON”. The total land are of Ceylon is focused about approximately 25,000 square mile and the total scattered populations is estimated about 2.0 Crores. The land of Ceylon is said to have ruled by British, Portuguese, French for about 350 years and ultimately got Independence on 4th February 1948.

[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. Missing Heart?...(“Ramanujam  Heart”). Academ Arena 2015;7(7):38-45]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.05

 

Keywords: history; Sri Lanka; Ancient; land; Ceylon; population; British; Portuguese; French; independence

Full Text

5

6

请教几个理论物理问题

 

李学生

 

1922538071@qq.com

 

摘要: 卢鹤绂说过:“物理学中最难的就是理论物理,它完全是理论性的,没有实验可做,要靠脑子的思维,要靠对整个物理学知识的融会贯通.理论物理是物理学的基础,只有学好它,才能弄懂其他学科.

[李学生. 请教几个理论物理问题. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):46-54]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.06

 

关键词:物理学;理论物理;实验;思维;学科

Full Text

6

7

Toilet Cleaning?... (Ramanujam “Toilet”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Toilet cleaning is a delicate job? Toilet cleaning is a cheaper job? Toilet cleaning is a community based job?...

i) What does mean “TOILET”?...

ii) What does mean “CLEANING”?...

iii) What does mean “TOILET CLEANING”?...

- Author

[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.. Toilet Cleaning?... (Ramanujam “Toilet”). Academ Arena 2015;7(7):55-59]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.07

 

Keywords: toilet; cleaning; job; community

Full Text

7

8

我的理解太极八卦图

 

孙纯武研究员

 

作者简介:孙纯武(1948-),男(汉族) ,中国江苏省扬州市人,主要从事研究自然科学等;

作者声明:以下文章我保证是此作品的著作权人,

单位名称、江苏省扬州三力电器集团有限公司

通信地址、江苏省扬州市西湖镇蜀秀花园20805, 邮编 225008

电子信箱:yzscw0514@163.com;   qq: 458669609; 手机: 18652544068

 

Abstract: Integration of China I like to gossip arrow to the heart of one of the following law of motion, the creation of yin and yang, gold, wood, water, fire and earth movement to rise to the evolution of all things philosophical thought highly of Taoism inaction WTO, stressed the unity and contradiction of opposites. Confucius is indeed the gossip on for another centrifugal motion like an arrow, the creation of benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom, faith Confucianism, born promising the highest level of moderation for Ethics. Unfortunately, they generally last from a macro, a microscopic look at the problem from the analysis. Volt meter painting of the Eight Diagrams physically not really understand, following no way to find the source, but also did not explain the Eight Diagrams are shown all the true meaning of things, in science and technology can not play a huge role.

[孙纯武. 我的理解太极八卦图. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):60-67]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.08

 

关键词:八卦图图解; 来源; 功能作用

Full Text

8

9

Arab Arulmani?...(Ramanujam “Human Resource”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: ARULMANI IS ARAB?... ARULMANI IS USEFUL HUMAN RESOURCE OF RAMANUJAM?... “DARWIN SIR” says “ARULMANI” is of “APE ORIGIN”… ARULMANI has “MONKEY MIND”… ARULMANI IS TERRORIST?... (or) HUMANIST?... Numerology believe that the word ARUL means GOD’S GRACE. Further om mani padme hum is a six syllable Sanskrit mantra.

[M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. Arab Arulmani?...(Ramanujam “Human Resource”). Academ Arena 2015;7(7):68-76]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.09

 

Keywords: ARULMANI; ARAB; HUMAN RESOURCE; RAMANUJAM

Full Text

9

10

Comparative Nutritional And Anti-Nutritional Analysis Of Ocimum grattissimum and Ocimum basilicum

 

*Shuaib, O. R., 1Adeniran, O.I., 2Musah, M., 2Yerima, H., 2Sani, H. and 2Amusat, K.

 

*2Department of Chemistry, Niger State College of Education, Minna, Nigeria.

1Department of Chemistry, University Of Abuja, Nigeria.

*Corresponding author: raufats@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Ocimum grattissimum (OG) and Ocimum basilicum (OB) are medicinal plants reputed for extraordinary therapeutic effectiveness. Both plants were analyzed for their nutritional and anti-nutritional factors, proximate composition, mineral elements and phytochemicals components using standard procedures. The result revealed the presence of phytochemicals with both preventive and curative importance in the two samples. It also indicated high concentrations of potassium, (462mg/100g) and (483mg/100g); calcium, (540mg/100g) and (460mg/100g); moderate amount of sodium, (149mg/100g) and (159mg/100g); appreciable concentrations of phosphorus, (26.9mg/100g) and (35.9mg/100g); and iron(11.4mg/100g) and (10.5mg/100g) for (OG) and (OB) respectively. The ash content, crude fiber and moisture content for (OG) and (OB) are (12.18%0.00%), (14.96%0.00%) and (6.93%0.00%); and (15.73%0.00%), (11.31%0.00%) and (5.72%0.00%) respectively. Higher lipid and carbohydrate content in the leaves (16.25% 0.01) and (20.8% 0.01%); and (22.7% 0.00) and (14.50% 0.00) give a corresponding increase in the energy value (287.3 0.06 kcal/100g) and (281.5 0.02kcal/100g)for scent leaf and curry leaf respectively. The study also revealed that (OB) has higher concentration of crude protein (30.00% 0.00) compared to (OG) (28.88% 0.01) which is same for their ash and carbohydrate contents. This result shows that the vegetables are rich sources of nutrients and minerals essential for human growth and development.

[Shuaib, O. R., Adeniran, O.I., Musah, M., Yerima, H., Sani, H. and Amusat, K. Comparative Nutritional And Anti-Nutritional Analysis Of Ocimum grattissimum and Ocimum basilicum. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):77-81]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.10

 

Keywords: Ocimum grattissimum, Ocimum basilicum, nutritional, anti-nutritional, proximate, phytochemicals

Full Text

10

11

Preliminary studies on rearing of Schizothorax esocinus with special reference to growth and fecundity

 

Khurshid Ahmad, Ab. Nayeem Khan and Aijaz Ahmad.

 

Womens College M. A. Road Sringar, Kashmir.

Email: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

 

Abstract: The Schizothorax esocinus was reared at the Dachigam National Park Kashmir from 2010-2011. Growth and fecundity was assessed. Artificial food was provided of the composition of Fish meal, Soya meal, Mustard cake, Wheat bran, and Rice bran .the feeding was made through square method and was given twice a day. The Standard deviation observed on growth at control was 40.94, at feed first was 59.37at feed second was 58.27 and at feed third was 62.99. The P. value is 0.0002 considered extremely significant. All the cultures passed the normality test. The results observed on fecundity at control was 80.57,at feed first was 127.95 ,at feed second was 128.96 and at feed third was 214.99. The P. Value observed was 0.7012 considered not significant.

[Khurshid Ahmad, Ab. Nayeem Khan and Aijaz Ahmad. Preliminary studies on rearing of Schizothorax esocinus with special reference to growth and fecundity. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):82-86]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 11. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.11

 

Key words: Schizothorax esocinus, Dachigam National Park Kashmir, artificial feeding, growth, fecundity

Full Text

11

12

Adaptations of Common Carp with changing environment with special reference to their hematology

 

Khurshid Ahmad, Ab. Nayeem Khan and Aijaz Ahmad.

 

Womens College M.A. Road Sringar, Kashmir.

Correspondence: showkat80ahmad@gmail.com

  

Abstract: Common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were collected from the Dal Lake Kashmir seasonally. Some of the hematological parameters were assessed repeatedly. The results observed indicated that the common carp is a hardy fish but seasonal variation in environmental factors has a profound effect on fish hematology. The results observed in winter, spring, summer, and autumn respectively The mean of the results of hematocrit include 43.916, 43.416, 43.33, and 44.33 respectively where as the mean of red blood corpuscles include 3, 3.083, 5.2.58 and 3.125 respectively. The mean of the white blood corpuscles include 4.425, 4.233, 2.463 and 3.85.The P. value of hematocrit is 0.2583 considered not significant. Variation among column means is not significantly greater than expected by chance. The P. value of red blood corpuscles and white blood corpuscles is <0.0001 considered extremely significant Variation among column means is significantly greater than expected by chance.

[Khurshid Ahmad, Ab. Nayeem Khan and Aijaz Ahmad. Adaptations of Common Carp with changing environment with special reference to their hematology. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):87-89]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 12. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.12

 

Key Words: Common carp, red blood corpuscles, White blood corpuscles, haematocrit.

Full Text

12

13

Using genetic algorithm to determine the weight of each constituent share of portfolio

 

Abolfazl darehzereshki

 

Department of Accounting, Young Researchers and Elites Club, Yazd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Yazd, Iran

 

Abstract: Organizations can choose the appropriate methods for optimum portfolio investor interested in working in the financial markets, especially the second group of investors (people lack information and knowledge) contribute. In this study mean - half of the variance model for the portfolio is used and optimal model using genetic algorithms. For this reason, companies are examined in population in several stages and eventually selected 70 companies as research samples and data are needed (efficiency and risk-quarter) collected for research. As well as to assess Half of the variance Mean- model Markowitz model for portfolio Mean- variance efficient frontier models are used and the results are compared with each other. The results show that the use of genetic algorithm to determine the weight of each component of the portfolio, the formation of the portfolio is optimized.

[Abolfazl darehzereshki. Using genetic algorithm to determine the weight of each constituent share of portfolio. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):90-94]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 13. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.13

 

Key word: genetic, frontier models, portfolio, optimized.

Full Text

13

14

Morning Star!...(“RAMANUJAM  MOTHER”)

 

M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil.

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: It is focused that in everyday human culture we used to say Good Morning… Good Afternoon… Good Evening… Good Night… MORNING PERSON, MORNING PERSONALITY, MORNING IDEAS shall be considered as closely associated with “DIVINITY”. In global level there are so many theories about MORNING STAR, LUCIFER. In this scientific research article the Philosophy of Morning Star, Lucifer shall be distinguished as narrated below. In non formal poem (PUTHU KAVITHAI).

[M. Arulmani, B.E.; V.R. Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M. Phil. Morning Star!...(“RAMANUJAM  MOTHER”). Academ Arena 2015;7(7):95-97]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 14. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.14

 

Keywords: human; culture; DIVINITY; global level; philosophy

Full Text

14

15

现代物理学 12 个最重大问题

 

Ma Hongbao 1, *, Yang Yan 1, Margaret Young 2

 

1 Brookdale Hospital, Brooklyn, NY 11212, USA; 2 Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

ma8080@gmail.com

 

Abstract: 科学在不断的进步,新的发现不断 。本文选出现代物理学上12个最重要的问题,进行了简短的描述与讨论:1. 量子纠缠, (quantum entanglement), 2. 宇宙命运, 3. 时间, 4. 空间, 5物质, 6. 反物质, 7. 暗物质, 8. 能量, 9. 暗能量, 10. 平行宇宙, 11熵, 12. 弦理论.

[Ma H, Yang Y, Yoing M. 暗物质. Academ Arena 2015;7(7):98-102]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 15. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070715.15

 

Keywords量子纠缠, (quantum entanglement) 宇宙命运时间空间物质反物质暗物质能量暗能量 平行宇宙;   弦理论.

Full Text

15

The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from June 11, 2015. 

All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

For back issues of the Academia Arena, click here.

Emails: editor@sciencepub.net; sciencepub@gmail.com

Website: http://www.sciencepub.net/academia  

[an error occurred while processing this directive]

 

Marsland Press: http://www.sciencepub.net

 

 

Terms of Service  |  Privacy Policy  |

2015 Marsland Press