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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

ISSN 1553-992X (print); ISSN 2158-771X (online); Monthly

Volume 7 - Number 3 (Cumulated No. 69),  March 25, 2015

Cover Page, Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file, doi:10.7537/j.issn.1553-922X

 

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CONTENTS  

No.

Titles / Authors /Abstracts

Full Text

No.

1

Views of Akkad about Ashura Movement

 

Dr.Mohammad Jafari 1, Seyyed Issa Hosseini 2, Ali Khoda Shahi 3

 

1.Assistant professor, Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashmar, Iran

2. Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashmar, Iran

3., Kashmar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kashmar, Iran

 

Abstract: In among writings of Sunni modernists that their interpretations of the story of Ashura, is somewhat different from the views of the leftists, the writing of Abbas Mahmoud Alqad under this title shhda’ Hussein ibn Ali, is important and noticeable. According to Akkad s view, Imam Hussain (AS) and Yazid were of two families: Imam Hussain (AS) possessed all the Hashemivirtues and Yazid had material and ugly characteristics of Umayyads. Therefore this uprising of Imam against Yazid, more than that, any other interpretation is justified. The complete representation of the system and the government shows. In one side of that Imam Hussain (AS) is as the leader of a legitimate religious symbol on the other hand, Yazid was a symbol of a secular system And Yazid s government in the beginning, said his government based Ali and Al-Ali, and if Imam Hussain (AS) accepted he had to fulfill his allegiance, loyalty and generation to generation had to be accepted. In addition, many historians have narrated Arynb daughter of Isaac was effective in the deep divisions between Yazid, and Imam Hussein (AS). Akkad believes that both the army of Yazid and the companions of Imam Hussein believed in God and other world, But faith on one side is in the holy and honorable soul and on the other hand, is in the niggard spirit. They were naturally idealist and had the purpose and these were profit-seeker. He also compares companions of Maviye with companions of Al Yazid, and he says companions of Maviye were people of passion, But followers of Yazid' were executioner and rudder and they were abandoned for a great fishing. Of Akkad s views, the lineage of Imam Hussein (AS) and intense love of the Prophet (pbuh) to Imam Hussein in the analysis of Ashura event should not be forgotten. Because with this criterion, we can understand army of Yazid had no idea and profit- seeker and how performed unlike respect (AS) placed in their heart for Imam Hussein.

[Mohammad Jafari, Seyyed Issa Hosseini, Ali Khoda Shahi. Views of Akkad about Ashura Movement. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):1-5]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 1. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.01

 

Keywords: Ashura movement-Akkad- Imam Hussein

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1

2

Characterization in authorities of Hamidi

 

Dr.Sohad Jaderi 1, Faras Dehdari 2

 

1.  Assistant Professor, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

2.  Department of Arabic Language and literature, Payam-e-Noor University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

 

Abstract: Element of the character in the story is an axis which causality revolves on its orbit, All other elements, have earned meaning, identity, maturity, even its own existence from the elements of the character. Because the notion of transformation of events, conflict, suspense, dialogue, setting, characters will not be possible without action of character. "Tovudvrgoodman" says that the story is a society which is tested in isolation." The story of the authorities is the community in which different people with different behaviors live. In the community, coordination issues order. However, in this area, humans are like human beings, actions are like act events are like disasters. But the reader in such a way sinks in the events of the story as if he lives in the real social. ; If Hariri didn’t use form of the story for the purpose of his writing and he didn’t use the effective character for the mentioned events and the other principle of fiction, in this case the reader hasn’t any feeling to study history work. The key point in the story of Hariri, studies features of the characteristics of his stories, he more than any other writer needs to know about the characteristics of people. For this reason, the materials of His character are the people who live in them, and writes about them to depict the events of their lives. Characters that can be chosen for their stories are among the people with their own personal and social features, His knowledge about these people is such that when he depicts events certainly he knows each of the characters should have what the behavior and dialogue. The power of the combination and Hariri s creative mind characters is as if they themselves come forward to writing fiction and adjust their own attributes and special features with the circumstances of the story That only the authors work is transferring them from one place to another and teaches them his literary speech.

[Sohad Jaderi, Faras Dehdari. Characterization in authorities of Hamidi. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):6-8]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 2. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.02

 

Keywords: Element; axis; community; people; human; literary; speech

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2

3

Effects Of Different Rates Of Pig Manure On The Growth And Yield Of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) In South Western Nigeria

 

Eleduma, A. F1. and Sanni, K. O.2*

 

1Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, P. M. B. 1019, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.

2Department of Crop Production and Horticulture, Lagos State Polytechnic, P. M. B. 1007, Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria.

*sannikehinde20002@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Degraded soils and low soil fertility are the major constraints to food security and income levels of smallholder farmers in developing countries.  A trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of variable rates of pig manure on the growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) at Teaching and Research Farms of Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State. The treatments consist of pig manure at 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0kg/plant laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated thrice. Data collected were vine length, number of leaves/plant, number of branches, stem girth, fruit circumference (cm), fruit length (cm), and fruit weight at maturity. Vegetative growth parameters were significantly promoted as the rate of pig manure increased from 0kg to 2.0kg/plant. Yield attributes increased as the rates of pig manure increased; the highest fruit yield and yield attributes were recorded at 2.0kg/plant rate.  However, stem girth and fruit circumference were not significantly (P≥0.05) influenced by application rate of pig manure. Pig manure applied at 2.0kg/plot improved growth and yield of cucumber. The pig manure has fertilizing effect on cucumber production and could be used as substitute or replacement for scarce and expensive chemical fertilizer and as well reduce environmental hazard posed by the disposal of the pig waste.

[Eleduma, A. F. and Sanni, K. O. Effects Of Different Rates Of Pig Manure On The Growth And Yield Of Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) In South Western Nigeria. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):9-13]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 3. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.03

 

Keywords: cucumber, fruit weight, pig manure, yield attributes, variable rates

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3

4

A New Thesis On “Thailand”!...

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

 

M.Arulmani, B.E.

(Engineer)

m.arulmani58@gmail.com

V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil.

(Biologist)

vrhemalatha58@gmail.com

 

Abstract:

i)       John Kennady is citizen of Thailand?...

ii)     Abraham Linkon is citizen of Thailand?...

iii)    Nelson Mandela is citizen of Thailand?...

iv)   Queen Victoria is citizen of Thailand?...

v)     Hitler is citizen of Thailand?...

vi)   Gandhiji is citizen of Thailand?...

This scientific research focus that “THAILAND” shall be considered as the “Natural land” formed due to impact of J-RADIATION (Zero Hour Radiation) in the early universe emanated from white hole region. During the course of expanding universe various other lands might be originated from THAILAND. Thailand shall be also called as WHITE PLANET (White Mars). The population lived in Thailand shall be considered having varied genetic characteristics compared to so called Modern human called “ANGELS”.

The philosophy of Thailand shall be described as below.

i) Right dot is like “MOON” (Functional part)

ii) Left dot is like “EARTH” (Structural part)

iii) Center dot is like “SUN” (Sequential control)

[M.Arulmani, B.E.; V.R.Hema Latha, M.A., M.Sc., M.Phil. A New Thesis On “Thailand”!... Academ Arena 2015;7(3):14-26]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 4. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.04

 

Key Words

i)                Philosophy of English word TH?

ii)              Philosophy of word e-TH?

iii)             Philosophy of Word ETHIA?

iv)            Philosophy of Word THAI-e?

v)              Philosophy of word AETHIA?

vi)            Philosophy of NOSE EVOLUTION?

vii)           Etymology of HUMAN ANCESTOR?

viii)         Philosophy of THAILAND NEW YEAR?

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4

5

生命起源

 

Ma Hongbao 1, *, Margaret Young 2

 

1 Brookdale Hospital, Brooklyn, NY 11212, USA; 2 Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

ma8080@gmail.com

 

Abstract: 生命的起源与演化是和宇宙的起源与演化密切相关的。生命的构成元素如碳、氢、氧、氮、磷、硫等是来自大爆炸后元素的演化。前生物阶段的化学演化并不局限于地球,在宇宙空间中广泛地存在着化学演化的产物。在星际演化中,某些生物单分子,如氨基酸、嘌呤嘧啶等可能形成于星际尘埃或凝聚的星云中,接着在行星表面的一定条件下产生了像多肽、多聚核苷酸等生物高分子。通过若干前生物演化的过渡形式最终在地球上形成了最原始的生物系统,即具有原始细胞结构的生命。至此,生物学的演化开始,直到今天地球上产生了无数复杂的生命形式

[Ma H, Young M. 生命起源. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):27-35]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 5. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.05

 

Keywords: 生命; 起源; 宇宙; 演化; 地球

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5

6

狭义相对论困难的思考- 狭义相对论效应与加速度之间的关系

 

Li Xusheng

 

1922538071@qq.com

 

Abstract: 物理学是一门自然科学,它的理论和应用基础是建立在实验和观测上的.而实验和观测总是离不开某一个具体的参考系(或坐标系),加上历史上把惯性系之间的伽利略相对性原理和伽利略变换推广到狭义相对性原理和洛伦兹变换,从而建立狭义相对论这样的背景,许多物理学工作者以参考系的属性(惯性系或非惯性系)来界定狭义相对论的范畴是自然的,不足为怪.至于这种界定的优劣,那就是属于仁者见仁,智者见智的事情了.

[Li X. 狭义相对论困难的思考- 狭义相对论效应与加速度之间的关系. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):36-45]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 6. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.06

 

Keywords: 物理学; 力学; 因果;分析;数学; 方法

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7

本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (1 - 3)

 

金识

 

Recommended: 王德奎 y-tx@163.com; 张洞生 zhangds12@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: 科学创新、进化因素,存在普遍性、世界性,也存在有本土性和地域性,涉及科学作为一种智力,特别是数、理、化、生等学科的公式、定理、定律,它的客观性类似早已存在,不以人存,不以天亡,只是等人早晚的条件和来发现。对于不是自己的发现,它类似传说。但他人的发现,也是可以再重复计算、推导、证明、试验检查的。发现成为非物质文化科学遗产传说,一方面它有普遍性、世界性;或者它从本土性和地域性也可以转变成普遍性、世界性。但有些非物质文化科学遗产的传说,它的可证性、表演性很小。本篇是此文的第一至第三部分。

[金识. 本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (1-3). Academ Arena 2015;7(3):46-56]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 7. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.07

 

Keywords: 科学; 创新; 进化; 存在; 普遍性; 世界性; 文化; 遗产

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8

本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 4 - 7

 

金识

 

Recommended: 王德奎 y-tx@163.com; 张洞生 zhangds12@hotmail.com

 

Abstract: 科学创新、进化因素,存在普遍性、世界性,也存在有本土性和地域性,涉及科学作为一种智力,特别是数、理、化、生等学科的公式、定理、定律,它的客观性类似早已存在,不以人存,不以天亡,只是等人早晚的条件和来发现。对于不是自己的发现,它类似传说。但他人的发现,也是可以再重复计算、推导、证明、试验检查的。发现成为非物质文化科学遗产传说,一方面它有普遍性、世界性;或者它从本土性和地域性也可以转变成普遍性、世界性。但有些非物质文化科学遗产的传说,它的可证性、表演性很小。本篇是此文的第四至第七部分。

[金识. 本地性科学初探 - 中国前沿科学检视与西方科学之争 (4-7). Academ Arena 2015;7(3):57-74]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 8. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.08

 

Keywords: 科学; 创新; 进化; 存在; 普遍性; 世界性; 文化; 遗产

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9

空间

 

Ma Hongbao 1, *, Margaret Young 2

 

1 Brookdale Hospital, Brooklyn, NY 11212, USA; 2 Cambridge, MA 02138, USA

ma8080@gmail.com

 

Abstract: 空间是与时间相对的一种物质存在形式,表现为长度、宽度、高度,一般指宇宙中物质实体之外的部分。空间概念也包括数字空间、物理空间与宇宙空间等。绝对空间指其自身特性与外在物质无关,处处均匀,永不移动,永恒存在。相对空间是可以在绝对空间中运动的结构,或是对绝对空间的量度,人们通过它与物体的相对位置来感知它认识它研究它。时间和空间是事物之间的一种次序。空间描述物体的位形,时间描述事件之间的先后顺序。空间和时间的物理性质主要通过它们与物体之间存在的联系表现出来。

[Ma H, Young M. 空间. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):75-78]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 9. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.09

 

Keywords: 空间; 时间; 物质; 宇宙;数字; 物理; 事件

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10

Effects Of Different Rates Of Pig Manure On The Growth And Yield Of Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.) In South Western Nigeria

 

Eleduma, A. F1. and Sanni, K. O.2*

 

1Department of Agricultural Technology, Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, P. M. B. 1019, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria.

 2Department of Crop Production and Horticulture, Lagos State Polytechnic, P. M. B. 1007, Ikorodu, Lagos State, Nigeria.

*sannikehinde20002@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Degraded soils and low soil fertility are the major constraints to food security and income levels of smallholder farmers in developing countries. A trial was conducted to evaluate the effect of variable rates of pig manure on the growth and yield of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) at Teaching and Research Farms of Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State. The treatments consist of pig manure at 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0kg/plant laid out in Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) replicated thrice. Data collected were vine length, number of leaves/plant, number of branches, stem girth, fruit circumference (cm), fruit length (cm), and fruit weight at maturity. Vegetative growth parameters were significantly promoted as the rate of pig manure increased from 0kg to 2.0kg/plant. Yield attributes increased as the rates of pig manure increased; the highest fruit yield and yield attributes were recorded at 2.0kg/plant rate. However, stem girth and fruit circumference were not significantly (P≥0.05) influenced by application rate of pig manure. Pig manure applied at 2.0kg/plot improved growth and yield of cucumber. The pig manure has fertilizing effect on cucumber production and could be used as substitute or replacement for scarce and expensive chemical fertilizer and as well reduce environmental hazard posed by the disposal of the pig waste.

[Eleduma, A. F. and Sanni, K. O. Effects Of Different Rates Of Pig Manure On The Growth And Yield Of Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.) In South Western Nigeria. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):79-83]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 10. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.10

 

Keywords: cucumber, fruit weight, pig manure, yield attributes, variable rates

Full Text

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11

Characterizations and themes of Andalisi poetry in describing the nature

 

Abdol Kazem Heidari 1, Dr. Sohad Jaderi 2

 

1.  Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

2.  Assistant Professor, Abadan Branch, Islamic Azad university, Abadan, Iran

 

Abstract: In fact the beautiful nature and aesthetically pleasing new territory of conquered Andalusia, poets of that land persuaded them to write in praise of nature and beautiful scenery, and they developed the described art as independent technical in descriptions of their own nature. Nature has effect on poetic nature of the poet's heart affections, thus the circle of words, applied concepts in imagination in many styles or techniques or the lyric poetry, praise, Khmer, descriptions of battles and other techniques and poetic issues is found descriptive dimension widely, And addition to the descriptive poetry were considered Masdar and Dybajhan for this style of poetic issues. This paper attempts to identify the nature of art and portrays its beauty by the poets of the city in the Umayyad era that they accepted it as an independent art form of explanation.

[Abdol Kazem Heidari, Sohad Jaderi. Characterizations and themes of Andalisi poetry in describing the nature Hamidi. Academ Arena 2015;7(3):84-88]. (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net/academia. 11. doi:10.7537/marsaaj070315.11

 

Keywords: Nature, Andalusia, poetry, descriptions, themes, characterization

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11

The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from March 11, 2015. 

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