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Science Journal

 

Academia Arena

 学术争鸣

 

Volume 4 - Number 1 (Cumulated No. 31), January 25, 2012, ISSN 1553-992X

Cover Page (online), Cover (print), Introduction, Contents, Call for Papers, All papers in one file

 

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CONTENTS

No.

Titles / Authors

Text

No.

1

Association Rules for Quantitative Data Mining

 

Viswa Deepak Siingh Baghela1, Samar Singh2, Archana Gupta3

 

1. Associate Proffesor, at Computer Division IIMT College Of Engineering, Greater Noida

2. M.Tech (CSE) from Teerthankar Mahaveer University

3. M.Tech (CSE) from Teerthankar Mahaveer University

baghela_jinu78@rediffmail.com, chan85samar@gmail.com, archana.archi4u@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Detatiled elaborations are presented for the idea on two-step frequent itemsets Apriori Algorrithm of Association Rules. over the years, a variety of algorithms for finding frequent item sets in very large transaction databases have been developed. The problems of finding frequent item sets are basic in association rule mining, fast algorithms for solving problems are needed. This paper presents an efficient version of apriori algorithm for mining association rules in large databases to finding maximum frequent itemset at lower level of abstraction. We propose a new, fast and an efficient algorithm with single scan of database for mining complete frequent item sets. To reduce the execution time and increase throughput in new method. Our proposed algorithm works well comparison with general approach of improved association rules. Apriori is the best-known algorithm to mine association rules. It uses a breadth-first search strategy to counting the support of item sets and uses a candidate generation function which exploits the downward closure property of support. An improved method is called Improved Apriori Algorithm is brought forward owing to the disadvantages of Apriori Algorithm. Moreover, based on Improved Apriori Algorithm,data mining for market-basket analysis is carried out for the relationship between customers’ transactions recurrences and products& attributes by making use of SQL Server 2005Analysis Services.

[Viswa Deepak Siingh Baghela, Samar Singh, Archana Gupta. Association Rules for Quantitative Data Mining. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):1-5] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 1

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.01

Key words: Data Mining, Apriori Algorithm, Improving Apriori Algorithm, Market Basket

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2

Measuring the Performance for wireless Communication Networks in Admission Control System

 

Sumit Saxena

 

Department of Computer Science

Dev Bhoomi group of institutions Dehradoon

 

Abstract: In This paper we describe the wireless communication networks for measuring the performance of cellular wireless communication networks. And we study the problems of resource of measuring and performance of admission control system in channelized wireless communication networks. For identifying research issues systematically, we propose a research framework system which consists of two modules: optimization of performance for cellular wireless communication networks and network servicing modules. For an in-service communication network, performance optimization module manages audio resources to ensure communication quality of service and optimize system performance. For channelized wireless admission control system, the real-time issues of performance optimization are admission control, channel assignment, power control. The communication network servicing module is event-driven or a periodically resource augmentation plan, which alleviates the performance exceptions and optimizes long-term admission control system revenue by using corrective mechanisms consisting of resource augmentation, channel reassignment, cell rearrangement, and reforming issues.

[Sumit Saxena. Measuring the performance for wireless Communication Networks in Admission Control System. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):6-8] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 2

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.02

 

Keywords: Wireless Communication networks, cellular wireless networks, Information and Communication Technology (ICT).

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3

Prevalence of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in Dried Cassava Powder (Garri) Circulating in Ogun State, Nigeria

 

B.T. Thomas, H.I. Effedua, A. Davies and A. Oluwadun

 

Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago Iwoye, Ogun State, Nigeria. benthoa2013@gmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: Antimicrobial resistance is a serious and complex worldwide problem requiring the creation of a global surveillance system in order to circumvent such negative trend. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in dried cassava powder (garri) circulating in Ogun State, Nigeria. The susceptibility of the isolated bacterial strains were evaluated using standard agar disc diffusion assay. The results obtained revealed a considerably high zone of inhibition ranging from 17mm – 37mm in diameter to the selected quinolones and cephalosporines. The antibiogram studies also showed that Bacillus subtilis was the most susceptible to all the antibiotics showing 100% susceptibility to perfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and cefotaxime, 50% to cefuroxime and 71.4% to ceftriaxone. E. coli was however found to show 100% resistance to all the tested antibiotics. In an investigation to determine the most effective antibiotic against the bacterial isolates from dried cassava powder (garri), Levofloxacin was the most effective (P<0.05) followed by ciprofloxacin and cefuroxime. The Gram negative bacteria also showed alarming trend of resistance (100%) to all the tested cephalosporines while ceftriaxone was the mostly resisted by the Gram positive bacteria. The prevalence rate of antibiotic resistant bacteria in this study was found to be 49.21%. It can therefore be said that the presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in garri suggest the need for proper evaluation and monitoring of this important staple food to safeguard against public health.

[B.T. Thomas, H.I. Effedua, A. Davies and A. Oluwadun. Prevalence of Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria in Dried Cassava Powder (Garri) Circulating in Ogun State, Nigeria. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):9-13] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 3

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.03

 

Keywords: Prevalence, Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, Dried Cassava Powder (garri)

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4

Studies on the Nutritional Requirements of an Ochratoxin A-Degrading Rhizopus sp.

 

Garuba EO1, Fadahunsi IF2 and Fatoki OA3

 

1 Department of Biological sciences, Bowen University Iwo, Nigeria

2 Department of Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

3 Department of Biology, The Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria

oluwaseungaruba@live.com, oluwaseungaruba@yahoo.com

 

Abstract: Studies were conducted on the carbon, nitrogen, carbon/nitrogen ratio (C:N), and vitamin requirements of a recently isolated Rhizopus sp. that is capable of degrading ochratoxin A in vitro. The results obtained showed that glucose supported the best growth of 57.0 mg followed by fructose (51.7 mg) while the poorest growth (1.16 mg) was supported by lactose. Urea was the most utilized of all the nitrogen sources investigated, producing a mycelial dry weight of 90.0 mg while DL-citrulline supported the poorest mycelia growth of 13.0 mg. Results on the effect of various carbon to nitrogen ratio revealed that a C:N ratio of 3:1 produced the best mycelia weight of 28.0 mg while a C:N ratio of 1:2 produced the poorest mycelia weight of 1.7 mg. Among the vitamins studied, pyridoxine was the most utilized with a mycelial dry weight of 60.0 mg followed by cobalamine (43.3 mg) while riboflavin and biotin stimulated the poorest growth (35.0 mg) each.

[Garuba EO, Fadahunsi IF and Fatoki OA. Studies on the nutritional requirements of an Ochratoxin A- Degrading Rhizopus sp. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):14-19] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 4

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.04

 

Key words: Rhizopus sp., carbon, growth, nitrogen, vitamins.

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5

Personal problems of adolescent students of earthquake affected areas of District Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir with reference to academic achievement.

 

Dr. Tasleema Jan 1, Muddasir Hamid Malik 2

 

1. Assistant professor, Department of Education, University of Kashmir, J&K, India

2. Research scholar, Department of Education, University of Kashmir, J&K, India

Email:- malikjavaid321@gmail.com

 

Abstract:-The study was undertaken to study the personal problems of adolescent students of earthquake affected areas of District Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir. The investigator took two hundred (200) adolescent students (100 male and 100 female) reading in 9th and 10th grades as sample for the study. Nadeem and Ahanger’s (2001) urdu Adaptation of California Test of Personality (CTP) for the measurement of personal problems was administered. The analysis of the data revealed that the male adolescent students of earthquake affected areas and female adolescent students of earthquake affected areas of Uri (District Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir) differ from each other on certain dimensions of personal adjustment like self reliance, sense of personal worth, feeling of belongingness, withdrawing tendencies and nervous symptoms. It was found that female adolescent students were personally well adjusted than male adolescent students of earthquake affected areas of Uri (District Baramulla). Correlation between various dimensions of personal adjustment and academic achievement of male and female adolescent students were found positive and significant.

[Tasleema Jan1, Muddasir Hamid Malik. Personal problems of adolescent students of earthquake affected areas of District Baramulla, Jammu and Kashmir with reference to academic achievement. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):20-24] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 5

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.05

 

Key words:- Personal problems, Adolescent students, Earthquake affected areas, Academic achievement

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6

Persistence studies of Cyazofamid in potato plant soil and water

 

Vibha Doshi, V.P. Gupta and Meenakshi Dheer

 

Agricultural Research Station, Ummedganj Post Box #. 7, G. P.O. Nayapura, Kota-324001, Rajasthan, India

E-mail: arskota@hotmail.com; vibhadoshi58@gmail.com

 

Abstract: Persistence of Cyazofamid was studied in potato plant, in four types of soil viz., black, clay, sandy loam and loamy sand soils and in three types of water viz., acidic (pH 4.0), natural (pH 7.0) and basic (pH 9.0). All the matrixes were treated with Cyazofamid so as to get concentrations of 1 & 2 ppm. These samples of soil and water were kept in laboratory at ambient temperature. Potato plants were collected from the experimental field. The periodic samples in triplicate were drawn at intervals of 0, 3,7,15 & 30 days after treatment and were processed for analysis. The analysis of plant samples on 0 day (after 2 hrs. of application) showed initial deposition of 1.601 & 2.827 ppm of Cyazofamid when sprayed @ 80 g a.i./ha & @ 160 a.i./ha with half life of 1.74 days to 1.89 days respectively. No residue of Cyazofamid could be detected (detection level 0.02 ppm) on 10th day after application in both the treatments. The analysis of soil samples on 0 day showed mean initial deposition of Cyazofamid as 0.816, 0.817, 0.831 and 0.817 ppm when treated with 1 ppm concentration and 2.704, 1.785, 1.753 and 1.706 ppm when treated with 2 ppm in black, clay, sandy loam and loamy sand soils. The half life varied from 4.86-5.04 days in black soil, 3.02-3.21 days in clay soil, 4.15-4.30 days in sandy loam soil and 3.67-3.90 days in loamy sand soil at 1 and 2 ppm respectively. The analysis of water samples on 0 day showed initial deposition of Cyazofamid as 0.872, 0.8769 and 0.850 ppm in acidic, neutral and basic water respectively at 1 ppm and 1.703, 1.712 and 1.759 ppm in acidic, neutral and basic water respectively at 2 ppm. The half life values varied from 5.7 & 6.1 at 1 and 2 ppm level respectively in acidic water; 4.2, 4.5 days at 1 & 2 ppm level respectively in neutral water and 3.8 and 3.9 at 1 & 2 ppm level respectively in basic water.

[Vibha Doshi, V.P. Gupta and Meenakshi Dheer. Persistence studies of Cyazofamid in potato plant soil and water. Academia Arena, 2011;3(12):25-30] http://www.sciencepub.net. 6

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.06

 

Key words: Cyazofamid, persistence, Potato plant, soil, water

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7

The role of ultrasound in evaluating patients with biliary obstruction in king Faysal General Hospital, kingdom of Saudi. Arabia, Taif City

 

Dr Ibrahim Abdalla Mohamed Elshikh

 

Assistant professor – Hail University -KSA

Faculty of applied medical Science

 

Abstract: Main center of research for this study is role of ultrasound in evaluating patients with biliary obstruction in king Faysal General Hospital, kingdom of Saudi. Arabia, Taif City. The main results of this study are: 1) Ultrasound examination can demonstrate biliary obstructions. 2) Regarding the type of obstruction and main causes of obstruction ultrasound examinations of the gallbladder can detect stone, sludge and other complication diseases, according to my study, ultrasound can detect gallbladder diseases with accuracy of more 96% 3) According to the relationship of biliary tree especially common bile duct and common hepatic duct to the portal vein, hepatic artery and the duodenum, ultrasound can detect obstruction, stricture or any compression due to tumor with accuracy more than 94% with good quality ultrasound machine, good patient's preparations and experience skill sonographer, especially in the distal part of common bile duct due to the duodenum bowel and gases obscuring the duct. magnetic resonance image help us in reporting, follow up & for data reference which helps in the research. 4) According to my study biliary obstruction are more incidences with patient's weight, and increases in females more than males.

[Ibrahim Abdalla Mohamed Elshikh. The role of ultrasound in evaluating patients with biliary obstruction in king Faysal General Hospital, kingdom of Saudi. Arabia, Taif City. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):31-36] http://www.sciencepub.net. 7

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.07

 

Keywords: ultrasound; patient; biliary; obstruction

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8

Productivity and sustainability of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) genotypes under various planting seasons and fertility levels in South-East Rajasthan.

 

PRAMOD DASHORA

 

Senior Scientist (AICRP on Sugarcane) Department of Agronomy, Agril Res. Station, Ummedganj, Kota 324 001 (Raj.)

MAHARANA PRATAP UNIVERSITY OF AGRICULTURAL & TECHNOLOGY, UDAIPUR (RAJ.) 313 001.

Ummedganj Farm, Post Box No. 7, G.P.O. Nayapura, Kaithoon Road, KOTA - 324 001.

Ph : (0744) 2322042 (R); (0744) 2844369 (o); Mo.: 081072-79509; Fax : (0744) 2844306

E-mail: pramoddashora@hotmail.com

 

ABSTRACT: A field experiment was conducted during cropping seasons of 2008-09 to 2010-11 at Kota to evaluate different sugarcane genotype (COPK-05191, COPK-05192 & CO-05011 under three levels of NPK (150:45:30, 200:60:40 & 250:75:50) in three season (spring and summer). Genotype COPK-05191 recorded highest cane yield and commercial cane sugar (CCS) across the season. Individual cane weight increased significantly upto 200:60:40 NPK/ha. Genotype COPK-05191 gave better yield and net profit, hence could be adopted in the region for optimizing sugar productivity and regulating crushing schedule at factory level. Fertility level of 200:60:40 NPK/ha was optimum for growth and cane yield during spring as well as summer planting.

[PRAMOD DASHORA. Productivity and sustainability of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) genotypes under various planting seasons and fertility levels in South-East Rajasthan. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):37-41] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 8

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.08

 

Key words : Sugarcane, genotype season, commercial cane sugar, NPK level, net return.

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9

物理基本概念分析与电磁场和重力场的统一

 

张祥前

 

中国安徽庐江县郭河镇北圩村, 邮编231524, 电话05657968515

zzqq2100@163.com

(王德奎 提供推荐 y-tx@163.com

 

Abstract: 这篇文章分析了时间、空间、场、质量、电荷、光速、能量---的本质,在此基础上提出电磁场和重力场之间的关系。由于所提供的是物理理论中最基础部分,文中所提供的原理和公式无法从更基本的原理中推导出来,所以有很多是逻辑推理加猜测,它的正确性只有把统一场论理论作为一个工具去解决实际问题时候,才能够体现出来。

[张祥前. 物理基本概念分析于电磁场和重力场的统一. Academia Arena, 2012;4(1):42-49] (ISSN 1553-992X). http://www.sciencepub.net. 9

doi:10.7537/marsaaj040112.09

 

Keywords: 时间、空间、场、质量、电荷、光速、能量

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The articles in this issue are presented as online first for peer-review starting from 1/2/2012. 
All comments are welcome: editor@sciencepub.net

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